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FAQ Main Menu > Other Folk Woodwind

Other Woodwind Information and FAQs


Alboka | Antara | Bawoo | Birbyne | Bombanshi | Bombarde | Bombashi | Bucium | Chalumeau | Choquella | Daduk | Didgeridoo | Didjeridoo | Dizi | Dolzaina | Duduk | Dvoyanka | Flabiol | Friscalettu | Fujara | Gasbah | Gralla | Hulusi | Jaleika | Kaval | Kawala | Kena | Lur | Mizmar | Moxenos | Musette (1) | Nay | Norwegian Tusselfloyte | Ocarina | Ovcharska Svirka | Pibcorn | Piffaro | Pinquillo | Quena | Quenacho | Rojok | Ronador | Salamuri | Sepik Flutes Kanengara | Shahnai | Shakuhachi | Shawm | Sheng | Siku | Skuduciai | Tabor Pipe | Tarkas | Tarogato | Tarota | Tenora | Tilinca | Trombita | Tuohitorvi | Txistu | Wuankara | Xirula | Zampona | Zurna


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Definition: A double clarinet of Basque Country. There are some similar instruments in North Africa. It has a double tube with a horn end. It is played with a continuous respiration technique. It has only one non-complete scale.


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Definition: term used by the Quechua people of Peru for the Andean panpipes (of clay).


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Definition: Chinese wind instrument; bamboo tube with rectangular hole carved in side near closed end, with reed fastened across; finger and thumb holes.


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Definition: Lithuanian wind instrument, soft sound, clarinet type. Played in ensembles and solo.


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Definition: The Bombashi is a fipple flute found in Tista_Dharla river basin of Bangladesh. This special type of flute is a necessary accompaniment for a local folk theatre “Poddopuran”. It is made of bamboo, having seven playing holes.


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Definition: Breton shawm, usually pitched in Bb, sometimes C. Traditionally played as a duet with the Biniou.
Introduction: From Brittany comes the Bombarde, a kind of shawm, traditionally used in a duet with the high pitched Biniou bagpipe.
Read the full Bombarde FAQ Page.


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Definition: a fipple flute found in Tista_Dharla river basin of Bangladesh. Used as accompaniment for "Poddopuran" folk theatre. It is made of bamboo, with seven finger holes. **


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Definition: Romanian Alphorn


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Definition: Single-tube, cylindrical, single reed instrument. A seventeenth century ancestor of the clarinet, it has a recorder type body with a single reed mouthpiece. Similar folk instruments are found in many Arabic and European cultures; see Albogue, Alboka, Diplica, Hornpipe, pibgorn, and Sipsi.
Introduction: The Chalumeau is the ancestor of the Clarinet and itself probably inspired by earlier single reed instruments such as the Pibcorn. It is played just like a clarinet, but does not have the upper register. We also see updated modern 2 octave Chalumeaux: The Xaphoon is a popular modern invention made in plastic that can also play in the upper octave, the Clariphone is a similarly specified two octave wooden instrument from Spain.


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Definition: predecessor of the kena, but bigger.


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Definition: Bulgarian fipple flute / Armenian double reed pipe.


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Definition: traditionally used by aboriginal people of Northern Australia; an end-blown, straight, natural trumpet, without separate mouthpiece, made from termite hollowed eucalyptus branch, stripped of its outer bark, with beeswax at mouth end.
Introduction: The Didgeridoo(or Didjeridu or Didjeridu) is an instrument native to Austalia. It is a long wooden tube traditionally made from a hollowed out eucalyptus branch. The branch may have been bored out by the activity of termites. The player makes the sound in a similar way to blowing a raspberry or playing a huge tuba. The sound is kept up for a long time and advanced players are able to breath in through the noee while keeping an air resevoir in the mouth so they can play continuously (circular breathing).
Read the full Didgeridoo FAQ Page.


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Definition: traditionally used by aborigines of Northern Australia; an end-blown, straight, natural trumpet, without separate mouthpiece, made from termite hollowed eucalyptus branch, stripped of its outer bark, with beeswax at mouth end.


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Definition: transverse flute of the Han Chinese.


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Definition: Spanish double reed instrument, also known as Gralla


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Definition: 1) Fipple flute of Bulgaria; 20-100cm long; 6 finger holes. (Also known in Armenia under a different name.) 2) The national instrument of Armenia, a double-reed pipe 40 cm long, with a 9 cm long reed. Also known as Daduk.


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Definition: Bulgarian double fipple flute.


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Definition: Catalan tabor pipe with at least 5 holes. Played with one hand, the other hand beats the Tambori (tabor).


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Definition: Ancient folk flute from Sicily made of of Sicialian cane. Has seven front holes and two at the back. It is still in use today in Sicilian traditional music.


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Definition: Large wooden flute from Slovakia, approx 2 metres long, has 3 finger holes and is played while standing.


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Definition: rim-blown flute.


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Definition: Catalan folk oboe in G.
Introduction: The Gralla is a traditional double reeded oboe type instrument from Spain, particularly Catalonia.


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Definition: The Hulusi is a free reed wind cap instrument from China.
Introduction: The Hulusi is a free reed wind cap instrument from China. It has a wind cap like a practice chanter but the reed inside is a metal one like in a sheng rather than the usual cane.


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Definition: from Tver, Russia; wind-cap reed instrument, has a wooden body with cow horn bell.


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Definition: Bulgarian end (rim) blown flute of some antiquity, varies from 50 to 80cm long with open end similar to quena. Used especially in Thrace and Dobrudja.


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Definition: special type of egyptian bamboo flute (different from the nay); played in religious festivals.


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Definition: English name for Quena


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Definition: Wooden Horn approx 1 metre long covered in birch, used by farming communites in the middle ages in Scandinavia.


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Definition: Arabic wind instrument with single or double reed.


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Definition: family of three wooden flutes of variable size(large, medium and small) that are always played simutaneously.

Musette (1)

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Definition: French shawm related to a bagpipe chanter, rather like an oboe.


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Definition: Egyptian bamboo flute. Also known in Iran as the Ney which has five finger holes.

Norwegian Tusselfloyte

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Definition: a Norwegian flute.


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Definition: Extremely popular vessel flute usually made of terracotta; all-in-one large, elongated egg-shape with flattened tube in its side and finger holes.
Introduction: The Ocarina is an egg-shaped fipple blown wind instrument. There are six or more finger holes, three for each hand. It is blown like a recorder or whistle, and is generally tuned to a diatinic scale. The come in both a flattened ovum shape with the mouthpiece on the perimeter, and in a sideways submarine shape with the mouthpiece on the side.
Read the full Ocarina FAQ Page.

Ovcharska Svirka

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Definition: Bulgarian shepherd's pipe, smaller version of the kaval.


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Definition: Welsh member of the hornpipe family, a double reed (some say single reed) instrument with a wooden middle section, animal horn bell, and animal horn mouthpiece enclosing the reed. Related to simlar hornpipes known in most parts of the world.


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Definition: Italian shawm, often played as a duet with the zampogna.


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Definition: Small wooden Andean flute, end blown with recorder-like fipple.


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Definition: South American shepherd's pipe; shepherd's flute (pre-Colombian times) without mouthpiece, carved in a bamboo cane; originally carved from animal bone.


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Definition: Large Quena.


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Definition: 'Vladimirskii Rojok': russian trumpet carved from a single piece of wood, usually apple wood.


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Definition: panpipes of Equador; variety of forms; tubes are closed at the bottom; mat be made of cane, vulture feathers or other material.


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Definition: Georgian flute usually with seven finger holes and a thumb hole, some are top blown while others have a fipple.

Sepik Flutes Kanengara

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Definition: (Papua New Guinea) the longest flutes in the world.


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Definition: Indian oboe, (meaning king flute) similar to the arabic Zurna. (also Sharnai, Shenai, Karnai) Known in Iran and Turkey also.


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Definition: Japanese bamboo flute with 4 finger holes and a thumb hole; great flexibility of tone and pitch through half holing and head movements.


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Definition: European double reed wind instrument dating from the 12th century or earlier. Probably imported from the middle east and is the predecessor of the oboe. Most European countries have a folk version of it. See Bombarde, Gralla etc.
Introduction: Shawms are loud, piercing instruments often used for folk dance music. The Breton Bombarde is often played together with the Biniou bagpipe. We also have Spanish Tarotes and Grallas.


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Definition: Chinese mouth blown free reed instrument consisting of vertical tubes each with a fingerhole, and a single mouthpiece.


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Definition: Pan Pipe or Zampona from Peru and Bolivia, with 2 rows of tubes giving the alternate notes of the scale.


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Definition: Lithuanian wind instrument of the pan flute type.

Tabor Pipe

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Definition: The Tabor Pipe is a 3 hole whistle used in conjunction with a tabor drum.
Introduction: The Tabor Pipe is a 3 Hole whistle which can produce more than a full octave played with one hand. Fairly obviously this is to facilitate the playing of a tabor drum with the other hand.


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Definition: (or Tarka): Wooden flute with fipple mouthpiece from Bolivia.


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Definition: Hungarian woodwind instrument with Turkish origins. Once had a double reed similar to an oboe; Modern Tarogato is a different single reed keyed instrument with a conical bore 30-40cm; dark, penetrating tone.


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Definition: Catalan folk oboe, pitched lower than the Gralla in C
Introduction: The Tarota is another Catalan folk oboe, pitched lower than the Gralla in C.


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Definition: A double reed woodwind instrument (shawm) pitched in B flat from the Basque and Catalan regions, see also tiple or tible which is of the same family and pitched higher in F.


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Definition: A Romanian flute without finger holes.


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Definition: large horn, similar to the alpenhorn.


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Definition: Karelian (Finnish/Russian border) birch bark instrument of the brass family, related to the cornett, lysarden and serpent.


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Definition: Basque whistle with three holes. Wooden made, Chromatic, usually in G or C#. less than two octaves. also the TXIRULA: A higher pitched variant of txistu in C.


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Definition: Chinese bamboo pipe.


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Definition: Small three hole flute from the Basque region


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Definition: panpipe; reed pipe, different length of reed bound together, known in Europe as a pan flute, and in Peru and Bolivia as Siku. Neither mouth piece or finger holes.


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Definition: another name for shawm; folk oboe of the Arab world, and Turkey. Also known in Iran as Surna, The Indian Shahnai is similar.